Smethport Area School District Smethport Area School District
414 S. Mechanic St., Smethport, PA 16749-1522

Smethport Area Jr. Sr. High School Library

MLA Style Guide Lines


The following MLA style guide is useful in writing a works cited or bibliography page based on print and electronic sources.


WHOLE BOOKS

ONE AUTHOR

Liptak, Karen. Coming-of-Age: Traditions and Rituals Around the World. Brookfield: Milbrook, 1994.

TWO AUTHORS

Dolan, Edward. F., and Margaret M. Scariano. Illiteracy in America. New York: Watts, 1995.

THREE AUTHORS

Rand, Donna, Toni Parker, and Shelia Foster. Black Books Galore!: Guide to Great African American Children’s Books. New York: Wiley, 1998.

FOUR OR MORE AUTHORS

Quirk, Randolph, et.al. A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman, 1985.

NO AUTHOR GIVEN

Science Explained: The World of Science in Everyday Life. New York: Holt, 1993.

AN EDITOR BUT NO SINGLE AUTHOR

Radelet, Michael, L., ed. Facing the Death Penalty: Essays on a Cruel and Unusual Punishment. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 1989.

TWO OR THREE EDITORS

Langley, Winston, E., and Vivian C. Fox, eds. Women’s Rights in the United States: A Documentary History. Westport: Greenwood, 1994.

FOUR OR MORE EDITORS

Brain, Joseph D., et al., eds. Variations in Susceptibility to Inhaled Pollutants: Identification, Mechanisms, and Policy Implications. Baltimore: John Hopkins UP, 1988.

AN AUTHOR AND A TRANSLATOR

Rabinovici, Schoshana. Thanks to My Mother. Trans. James Skofield. New York: Dial,1998.

AN AUTHOR, A TRANSLATOR, AND AN EDITOR

La Fontaine, Jean de. Selected Fables. Trans. Christopher Wood. Ed. Maya Slater. New York: Oxford UP, 1995.

AN EDITION OTHER THAN THE FIRST

Metcalf, Robert, L., and Robert A. Metcalf. Destructive and Useful Insects: Their Habits and Control. 5th ed. New York: McGraw, 1993.

A BOOK OR MONOGRAPH THAT IS PART OF A SERIES

Simon, Rita James. The Jury System in America: A Critical Overview. Sage Criminal Justice System Annuals 4. Beverly Hills: Sage, 1975.

A MULTIVOLUME WORK

(If you use only one volume in the series) Therney, Helen, ed. Women’s Studies Encyclopedia. Rev. ed. Vol. 2. Westport: Greenwood, 1999.

(If you use more than one volume Therney, Helen, ed. Women’s Studies Encyclopedia. Rev. ed. 3 vols. Westport: Greenwood, 1999.

A VOLUME WITH ITS OWN TITLE THAT IS PART OF A MULTIVOLUME WORK WITH A DIFFERENT TITLE

Cremin, Lawrence A. The National Experience, 1783-1876. New York: Harper, 1980. Vol. 2 of American Education. 3 vols. 1970-88.

A REPUBLISHED BOOK OR A LITERARY WORK AVAILABLE IN SEVERAL EDITIONS

Hemingway, Ernest. The Sun Also Rises. 1926. New York: Scribner, 1954.

A GOVERNMENT PUBLICATION

United States Dept. of Labor. Bureau of Statistics. Perspectives on Working Women: A Databook. By Howard Hayghe and Beverly L Johnson. Washington: GPO, 1980.

Department of Health and Human Services. U.S. Public Health Services. Center forDisease Control and Prevention. The ABCs of Safe and Healthy Child Care: A Handbook for Child Care Providers. Washington: GPO, 1996.


PARTS OF A BOOK

A POEM, SHORT STORY, AN ESSAY, OR A CHAPTER IN A COLLECTION OF WORKS BY ONE AUTHOR

Hawthorne, Nathaniel. “Young Goodman Brown.” The Portable Hawthorne. Ed. Malcolm Cowley. Rev. ed. New York: Viking, 1969. 53-68.

A POEM, SHORT STORY, AN ESSAY, OR A CHAPTER IN A COLLECTION OF WORKS BY SEVERAL AUTHORS

Faulkner, William. “Race and Fear.” Voices in Black and White. Ed. Katharine Whittemore and Gerald Marzoati. New York: Franklin Square, 1993. 83-94.

A NOVEL OR PLAY IN AN ANTHOLOGY

Cather, Willa. My Mortal Enemy. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. Ed. Nina Baym. 4th ed. Vol 2. New York: Norton, 1994. 975-1025.

AN INTRODUCTION, A PREFACE, A FOREWORD, OR AN AFTERWORD WRITTEN BY THE AUTHOR(S) OF A WORK

Bloom, Harold. Introduction. Modern Crime and Suspense Writers. Ed. Bloom. New York: Chelsea, 1995. xi-xii.

AN INTRODUCTION, A PREFACE, A FOREWORD, OR AN AFTERWORD WRITTEN BY SOMEONE OTHER THAN THE AUTHOR(S) OF A WORK

Primack, Marshall P. Forword. Phobia: The Crippling Fears. By Arthur Henley. Secaucus: Stuart, 1987. 1-4.


CROSS REFERENCES

French, Warren G. Ed. A Companion to The Grapes of Wrath. New York: Viking, 1963.

“What Did John Steinbeck Do Know About ‘Okies’?” French, Companion. 51-53.

Steinbeck, John. Their Blood is Strong. 1938. French, Companion 53-92.


MAGAZINES, JOURNALS, NEWSPAPERS, AND ENCYCLOPEDIAS

AN ARTICLE IN A MAGAZINE, JOURNAL, OR NEWSPAPER

Allen, Jodie. “Working Out Welfare.” Time 29 July 1996: 53-54.

“Dumping by the Coast Guard.” Editorial. New York Times 6 Sept. 1998, late ed. sec. 4:10.

Eisenberg, David M. et. al. “Unconventional Medicine in the United States: Prevalence,Costs, and Patterns of Use.” New England Journal of Medicine 328.4 (1993): 246-52.


AN ARTICLE IN AN ENCYCLOPEDIA OR OTHER ALPHABETICALLY ORGANIZED REFERENCE WORK

“Storytelling.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 1999 ed.


A REVIEW

Schwartz, Benjamin. “Was the Great War Necessary?” Rev. of The Pity of War, by Niall Ferguson. Atlantic Monthly May 1999: 118-28.


MISCELLANEOUS PRINT AND NONPRINT SOURCES

AN INTERVIEW YOU HAVE CONDUCTED OR A LETTER YOU HAVE RECEIVED

Jackson, Jesse. Personal interview or Letter to the Author? . 15 July 1992.

A FILM

Star Wars. Screenplay by George Lucas. Dir. Lucas. Perf. Mark Hamill, Harrison Ford,Carrie Fisher, and Alec Guinness. 20th Century Fox, 1997.

A WORK OF ART (PAINTING, PHOTOGRAPH, SCULPTURE)

Ward, John Quincy Adams. The Freedman. Art Institute of Chicago.

A MUSICAL COMPOSITION

Chopin, Fredrick. Waltz in A-flat major, op. 42.

A TELEVISION OR RADIO PROGRAM

“A Desert Blooming.” Writ. Marshall Riggin. Living Wild. Dir. Harry L. Gorden. PBS. WTTW. Chicago. 29 Apr. 1984.

A RECORDING (COMPACT DISC, LP, OR AUDIOCASSETTE)

Marsalis, Wynton. “Fushia.” Thinking of One. Columbia, 1983.

A LECTURE, A SPEECH, OR AN ADDRESS

King, Martin Luther, Jr. Speech. Lincoln Memorial, Washington. 28 Aug. 1963.


ELECTRONIC PUBLICATIONS

PORTABLE DATABASE (CD-ROM, DVD, laser discs, diskettes, and videocassettes) “Steinbeck’s Dust Bowl Saga.” Our Times Multimedia Encyclopedia of the 20th Century. CD-ROM. 1996 ed. Redwood City: Vicarious, 1995.

Eyes on the Prize: America’s Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965. Prod. Blackside. 6 videocassettes. PBS Video, 1986.

Beowulf. Great Literature. CD-ROM. 1992 ed. Parsippany: Bureau Development, 1992.

“Jump at the Sun: Zora Neale Hurston and the Harlem Renaissance.” American Stories. Laser disc. McDougal, 1998.


ONLINE RESOURCES

SCHOLARLY PROJECT

Documenting the American South. Aug. 1999. Academic Affairs Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 11 Aug. 1999 <http://metalab.unc.edu/docsouth/>.

PROFESSIONAL SITE

American Council of Learned Societies Home Page. 1998. Amer. Council of Learned Societies. 13 Aug. 1999 <http://www.acls.org/jshome.html>.

PERSONAL SITE

Fitsgerald, Evan. A Student’s Guide to Butterflies. 5 July 1999. Butterfly Farm. 11 Aug. 1999 <http://butteryflyfarm.co.cr/farmer/bfly1.htm>.

BOOK

Poe, Edgar Allan. Tales. New York: Wiley, 1845. Documenting the American South. 16 Sept. 1998. Academic Affairs Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 13 Aug. 1999 <http://metalab/unc.edu/docsouth/poe/poe.html>.

ARTICLE IN REFERENCE DATABASES

“Dickenson, Emily.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Vers. 99.1. Encyclopedia Britannica. 11 Aug. 1999 <http://www.eb.com:180/bol/topic?eu=30830&sctn=1.

ARTICLE IN A JOURNAL

Wagner, Diana, and Marcy Tanter. “New Dickinson Letter Clarifies Hale Correspondence.” Emily Dickinson Journal 7.1 (1998): 100-117. 29 July 1999 <http://muse.jhu.edu.demo/emily_dickinson_journal/7.1wagner.html>.

ARTICLE IN A MAGAZINE

Swerdlow, Joel L. “The Power of Writing.” National Geographic Aug. 1999. 28 July 1999 <http://www.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/9908/fngm/index.html/>.

WORK FROM A SUBSCRIPTION SERVICE

“Cinco de Mayo.” Compton’s Encyclopedia Online. Vers. 3.0. 1998. America Online. 29 July 1999. Keyword: Compton’s.

Weiss, Peter. “Competing Students’ Science Skills Sparkle.” Science News 30 Jan. 1999: 71. General Reference Center. Infotrack SearchBank. Evanston Public Library, IL 16 Aug. 1999 <http://www.searchbank.com/searchbank/evanston_main>.

EBSCOHOST Tomecek, Steve. “Evaluate Science Skills.” Instructor Aug. 2000: 46. EbscoHost: MasterFILE Premier. Smethport High School Library, 8 Sept. 2003 <http://www.powerlibrary.org/Interface/POWER.asp?ID=PL2841>.

SIRS Haga, Chuck. “Police Watch Tattoo Trend With Interest.” Star Tribune 30 Oct. 2000: A1+. SIRS Reseacher on the Web. Smethport High School Library, Smethport, PA. 8 Sept. 2003 <http://Researcher.SIRS.com/>.

This bibliography is based on the following book: Language Network: Grammar, Writing, Communication. Evanston, IL: Mc Dougal Littell, 2001.

     

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